Trastorno neurocognitivo postoperatorio: una revisión de aspectos básicos.
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Palabras clave

Disfunción cognitiva
cuidados posoperatorios
periodo posoperatorio
cirugía

Cómo citar

1.
Picón Jaimes YA, Lara-Ortega R, Padilla-Zambrano H, Ramos-Villegas Y, Quintana-Pájaro L, Andrade-López A, Lozada-Martínez I, Orozco-Chinome JE, Moscote-Salazar LR. Trastorno neurocognitivo postoperatorio: una revisión de aspectos básicos. . Rev Arg de Ter Int. [Internet]. 27 de diciembre de 2021 [citado 26 de enero de 2022];38. Disponible en: //revista.sati.org.ar/index.php/MI/article/view/788

Resumen

El trastorno neurocognitivo posoperatorio es una condición conocida desde hace varias décadas que se caracteriza por alteración de la atención, lenguaje, función perceptiva, la función motora, la memoria y el aprendizaje que se relaciona con el acto quirúrgico y el uso de anestesia. Sin embargo, no existe definición estandarizada del trastorno, así como tampoco hay delimitación de los criterios para el diagnostico. Esta disfunción es usualmente transitoria y puede llegar a persistir por varios años; en términos generales, afecta principalmente a adultos mayores que son sometidos a tiempos quirúrgicos prolongados. Los manuscritos actuales mencionan que se debe diagnosticar usando pruebas estandarizadas para evaluar deterioro cognitivo antes y después del procedimeinto quirúrgico, haciendo por lo menos un seguimiento dentro del primer año del posoperatorio. En cuanto al tratamiento, se han sugerido fármacos que actúan sobre las vías propuestas como mecanismos fisiopatológicos, dentro de los cuales destacan los analgésicos y los antioxidantes.
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Citas

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