Traqueostomía y deglución en tiempos de pandemia. Revisión narrativa
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Palabras clave

Traqueostomía
disfagia
coronavirus
COVID-19
SARS-CoV-2
deglución

Cómo citar

1.
Chiappero G, Faldutti A, Catini ME. Traqueostomía y deglución en tiempos de pandemia. Revisión narrativa. Rev Arg de Ter Int. [Internet]. 24 de agosto de 2021 [citado 18 de septiembre de 2021];38. Disponible en: //revista.sati.org.ar/index.php/MI/article/view/789

Resumen

La evaluación de la deglución en pacientes con traqueostomía representa un desafío en el contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19. El objetivo de esta revisión fue analizar las publicaciones disponibles sobre la evaluación y el diagnóstico de disfagia en el paciente con traqueostomía y los cuidados de los profesionales de la salud frente a los procedimientos generadores de aerosoles. Se completó una búsqueda bibliográfica utilizando las siguientes palabras clave en inglés y español, según correspondiera: “tracheostomy”, “dysphagia”, “coronavirus”, “COVID-19”, “SARS-CoV-2”, “swallowing”, “deglutition”, en las bases de datos electrónicas PubMed, SciELO, EMBASE y Google Scholar. Además, se revisaron las guías de recomendaciones publicadas por las sociedades científicas pertinentes. La evaluación y el diagnóstico de las alteraciones deglutorias implican el contacto directo con la vía aérea superior del paciente e involucran procedimientos que pueden generar aerosoles. Por lo tanto, deberán realizarse en forma oportuna, en consenso con todo el equipo tratante y utilizando siempre un equipo de protección personal adecuado para disminuir el riesgo de contaminación y transmisión del virus al personal de la salud.
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Citas

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